Friday, 8 April 2016

Death Penalty: Is It Good or Bad?

“Revenge is a particularly interesting concept, especially the notion of whether or not it exists outside of just an abstract idea”. However, revenge does not taste sweet if it is delayed, similarly justice delayed is justice denied. Capital punishment is a controversial and hot topic of discussion among lawyers and common men alike, but it is totally inconclusive that whether it provides retaliation or justice.

Death Penalty can Make the Society Free from Criminals

Death penalty is also known as capital punishment and is conceived as a medium for deterring crimes that is eating away the the very vitals of the society.The death penalty is expected to protect the society by deterring prospective criminals from perpetrating atrocious crimes ( such as terrorism, rape, murder) and giving justice to the family members of the victim. After all such culprits have no right to live after inflicting torture or killing an innocent person/persons, especially if they are committing crimes for decades or one after the another by violating the IPC ( Indian penal Code). It also shows that the judiciary of a country has no mercy for those individuals who are perpetrating heinous crimes or involved in barbarous acts. 

In India, hanging is the most common method of capital punishment. The IPC can also use shooting as a method to execute criminals.

The advent of scientific methods such as DNA testing in death penalty gives punishment to the actual wrongdoer and decreases the chances of punishing the guiltless, therefore, capital punishment can be an efficacious means to curb the crimes and make a society conducive to peaceful living. It can also come as a relief to the family members of the victims and decreasing their agony to a great extent.

In western countries, chopping of legs or hands and even beheading was very much prevalent. Western societies put a high value on the individual and does not inflict severe penalty such as capital punishment on some individuals to teach the rest of the population a lesson about consequences.

In countries like USA, criminals often take things for granted. They understand that they may be interrogated, detained, arrested or get few days or years of imprisonment, and propel the FBI to investigate. The consequences of their actions, a few hours in jail and a FBI file, had limited intimidation value. Mostly in USA, death penalty is meant for crimes such as law-breaking, act of terrorism,spying, armed robbery, assault, felony,federal murder, large-scale drug trafficking, and attempting to shoot down a witness, panelist, or court officer in particular cases.In such cases, capital punishment is handy as it can set clear warning to others that before committing a crime, they need to think at-least 100 times.

Death Penalty can Fix the Problem of Overcrowding in Jail

Overcrowding in prison can lead to lack of privacy, exacerbation of mental health problems, and increasing violence , struggle for food and shelter, self-destruction and suicide cases among the criminals. In such a case, death penalty can reduce overcrowding in a prison and promote better co-existence among the worst criminals.

Death Penalty Is Often Excruciatingly Time-Consuming and Expensive

The biggest drawback of death penalty is that it takes too much time for the verdict to be passed on. This is due to the appeals against capital punishments taking too long to adjudicate, and therefore lots of years are squandered. All these things make the death penalty an expensive affair with the government spending colossal amount of money on prosecutions. Death penalty cases costs thrice more than non-death penalty cases.

                  You may think or believe that these costs are post-trial expenditure or costs related to the trials subsequently someone has been found guilty and got death sentence. In contrary to what you believe most of the surplus expenses happen earlier and throughout the legal proceeding. The procedure is so expensive that it could severely exhaust the federal, state, and local government budgets and take a toll on them, so it is better to steer clear of it even if it is one of the most heinous crimes in the history.

Death Penalty as an Act of Inhumanity

It is inhuman and ethically wrong to give death sentence to those persons who have committed a crime unintentionally, childishly or even in a mentally ill state. Such persons may be poor and may not have the means to take legal help or hire a lawyer for defending. 

It is believed that the most atrocious and deadliest crimes are not perpetrated by rational people, and most of the time it is done in a mentally ill or unbalanced state. 

Death Penalty Can Be Based on Racial Business

Racial or religious basis can be the yardstick or key factor of verdict regarding death penalty among many jury members. This can lead to controversy and partiality creating a rage in a nation. Most of the time, it can take a violent political turn with the media emphasizing on it repeatedly.

Violence, hostility, belligerence and crime should have zero tolerance in different countries around the world. It’s said that those who tolerate crimes are bigger offenders than criminals itself. However, it is still inconclusive that whether capital punishment is good or bad and the article attempts to bring both its positive and negative aspects.

Do you have have any questions or suggestions? Write in comment section.
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