Wednesday 23 April 2014

Irrigation Channel Gates And Other Elements Of Optimal Irrigation Design

Farm irrigation systems perform several key functions apart from supplying crops with water. These include the diversion of water from a source, water conveyance to individual fields, distribution and provision of measurement, and regulation of flow. A well-designed system can also aid in several other key tasks including crop and soil cooling, delay of fruit or bud development, prevention of wind erosion and application of chemicals.

In short, a well-designed irrigation system can deliver the optimal amount of water to crops while minimising the impact on the environment, specifically the soil, air, water and even the animals present in the location.

Apart from the use of suitable irrigation channel gates and optimal pump station design, there are several key factors to consider in designing irrigation systems.

First, the crop-to-water requirement must be determined along with the right amount of application rates. Determining the right amount of application rates will prevent water loss, soil erosion and surface sealing which may result in damaged crops due to inadequate moisture.

The quality of the soil, particularly its texture and water holding capacity, in conjunction with the crop rooting depth, should also be factored in.

Once these have been determined and assessed, the next step will involve determining the water capacity of the supply while also factoring in data like precipitation, humidity, temperature and wind velocity.

Finally, the preference of the farmer, in relation to irrigation method, available labour resources and even management skills, should also be given due consideration.

Planning is essential for both design and the actual construction of farm irrigation. Why?

A well-drawn plan for an irrigation system will ensure that it is built in the most cost-effective manner. It will also detail the necessary steps involved in the construction of the irrigation system as well as vital information including crop spacing, material specifications and obstructions like trees and transmission lines. An irrigation plan also indicates the timeframe for the project as well as the design specifications and standards for use. But apart from these, an irrigation plan can also be used as some form of reference for the farm owners, specifically if there are plans geared toward expansion.

When you are looking for a firm to build a farm irrigation system and supply you with the essential equipment, look for a company with the expertise, experience and personnel that will allow you to better cope with your evolving needs, particularly in efficient water use.

Do you have have any questions or suggestions? Write in comment section.
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